In 2006 the Institute for Cultural Memory - CIMEC launched
the MapServer for the National Cultural Heritage allowing the inclusion of several
thematic maps, by using specific GIS tools.
The major advantage resides in the easy
way in which thematic maps (for instance: the spatial distribution of archaeological
sites in Romania) are carried out through the Internet and by means of a simple
Internet browser, the MapServer developed by CIMEC being compatible with all the
existing Internet browsers.
The main features include: zoom-in, zoom-out, pan, interrogation,
selection by locality, county, historical regions and economic development regions,
is an open source platform for publishing spatial data and interactive mapping
applications to the web, freely available for download online.
in the mid-1990 at the University of Minnesota (USA), initially in cooperation with
NASA, MapServer is not a full-featured GIS system, nor does it aspire to be.
allows you create maps that can direct users to content and provides spatial context
The MapServer of CIMEC http://map.cimec.ro
uses as spatial information a GIS database for Romania at the scale 1:100,000 that
comprises: all the towns and villages in Romania, the European, national, county
and communal roads, the railways network, the river and stream networks, and lakes,
including also lad use and digital elevation model.
We obtained it due to the kindness
of the General Division for the Conservation
of Nature, Biodiversity, Biosecurity, Soil and Subsoil in the Romanian Ministry
of the Environment (in 2005).
We also included the digital elevation
model obtained by processing the
SRTM (NASA) set of data for Romania and GTOPO30 (U.S. Geological Survey) for territories
outside Romania, and the land-use/land cover model by processing the CORINE Land Cover (European Environment Agency)
Currently the MapServer makes possible to access five national
These databases can be consulted both by means of the digital
map of Romania, activating the interrogation button, and by the advanced search
form of the online databases interface, allowing multiple search criteria
. The tools
developed for the current version of the MapServer, as well as the links between
the MapServer and the databases allow the spatial queries of the archaeological
sites, of the museums or churches, simply by using of the symbol on the digital
map, and also the display on the detailed information about the cultural entity.
Thus, a simple search into these databases, by using any advanced search criterion,
enabled the display of the relevant item on the map
Currently, the location of the sites is carried out by
the centre of the locality on whose territory they are found according to the SIRUTA
administrative division code. One reason is to protect vulnerable sites, monuments
or buildings from robbery. The second one is that we have few detailed maps of towns
and villages or precise geographical location for sites.
In order to surpass this
inconvenient, CIMEC began to develop a programme for the exact identification and
location of sites, in cooperation with local museums and using the GPS system, on
the Mostistea Valley, Calarasi County (2004 - 2008), and the aerial survey of Southern
Romania (2007 - 2015), both with support of European Projects European Landscapes:
Past, Present and Future and ArchaeoLandscapes Europe.
We also received contributions
form institutions and archaeologists in the country. The field data collected for
the county archaeological inventories, on public money, starting with 2005, are
another potential source of enriching the National Archaeological Record database.
development of the MapServer will enable viewing on the digital map of Romania the
topographical plans and the archaeological sites and the archaeological excavation
plans etc. (only by password) and will also aim at integrating all the databases
developed and maintained by CIMEC.
The spatial database will be further developed
by adding satellite imagery, colour, and black and white air-photos
Ionuț Șandric (cartography, mapserver), Irina Oberländer-Târnoveanu,
Bogdan Șandric, Carmen Bem (archaeologists); Cosmin Miu (database, web)