Mapserver for National Cultural Heritage

Maintained by the National Heritage Institute, Direction for Movable, Intangible and Digital Heritage




Start Mapserver to access National Cultural Heritage Databases and Projects

About the Mapserver

Currently the mapserver makes possible to access on map five main databases developed and managed by CIMEC:

Archaeological Repertory Archive (comprising aproximate 13,000 archaeological sites),

the database of the Archaeological Excavation Report in Romania (1983 - 2012) that comprises over 4,200 archaeological reports,

Archaeological Repertory of România - Archive of the 'Vasile Parvan' Institute of Archaeology - with 8,887 site records,

the Guide to Museums and Collections in Romania, including over 840 museums, and

Places of Worship in Romania (18,600 entries).

Romanian Ethnographic Atlas online - pilot project: Horezu, Valcea county

Precise location for the archaeological sites in Romania. Pilot Project: Mostistea Valley

Planuri de cercetare pentru siturile arheologice din Romania - proiect pilot


About the MapServer

In 2006 the Institute for Cultural Memory - CIMEC launched the MapServer for the National Cultural Heritage allowing the inclusion of several thematic maps, by using specific GIS tools.

The major advantage resides in the easy way in which thematic maps (for instance: the spatial distribution of archaeological sites in Romania) are carried out through the Internet and by means of a simple Internet browser, the MapServer developed by CIMEC being compatible with all the existing Internet browsers.

The main features include: zoom-in, zoom-out, pan, interrogation, selection by locality, county, historical regions and economic development regions, and print.


Mapserver is an open source platform for publishing spatial data and interactive mapping applications to the web, freely available for download online.

Originally developed in the mid-1990 at the University of Minnesota (USA), initially in cooperation with NASA, MapServer is not a full-featured GIS system, nor does it aspire to be.

MapServer allows you create maps that can direct users to content and provides spatial context where needed.


The MapServer of CIMEC uses as spatial information a GIS database for Romania at the scale 1:100,000 that comprises: all the towns and villages in Romania, the European, national, county and communal roads, the railways network, the river and stream networks, and lakes, including also lad use and digital elevation model.

We obtained it due to the kindness of the General Division for the Conservation of Nature, Biodiversity, Biosecurity, Soil and Subsoil in the Romanian Ministry of the Environment (in 2005).

We also included the digital elevation model obtained by processing the SRTM (NASA) set of data for Romania and GTOPO30 (U.S. Geological Survey) for territories outside Romania, and the land-use/land cover model by processing the CORINE Land Cover (European Environment Agency)


Currently the MapServer makes possible to access five national online databases:


These databases can be consulted both by means of the digital map of Romania, activating the interrogation button, and by the advanced search form of the online databases interface, allowing multiple search criteria

. The tools developed for the current version of the MapServer, as well as the links between the MapServer and the databases allow the spatial queries of the archaeological sites, of the museums or churches, simply by using of the symbol on the digital map, and also the display on the detailed information about the cultural entity. Thus, a simple search into these databases, by using any advanced search criterion, enabled the display of the relevant item on the map

Location Precision

Currently, the location of the sites is carried out by the centre of the locality on whose territory they are found according to the SIRUTA administrative division code. One reason is to protect vulnerable sites, monuments or buildings from robbery. The second one is that we have few detailed maps of towns and villages or precise geographical location for sites.

In order to surpass this inconvenient, CIMEC began to develop a programme for the exact identification and location of sites, in cooperation with local museums and using the GPS system, on the Mostistea Valley, Calarasi County (2004 - 2008), and the aerial survey of Southern Romania (2007 - 2015), both with support of European Projects European Landscapes: Past, Present and Future and ArchaeoLandscapes Europe.

We also received contributions form institutions and archaeologists in the country. The field data collected for the county archaeological inventories, on public money, starting with 2005, are another potential source of enriching the National Archaeological Record database.

The later development of the MapServer will enable viewing on the digital map of Romania the topographical plans and the archaeological sites and the archaeological excavation plans etc. (only by password) and will also aim at integrating all the databases developed and maintained by CIMEC.

The spatial database will be further developed by adding satellite imagery, colour, and black and white air-photos

Project team

Ionuț Șandric (cartography, mapserver), Irina Oberländer-Târnoveanu, Bogdan Șandric, Carmen Bem (archaeologists); Cosmin Miu (database, web)

Updated 05.02.2013

Mapserver help

Mapserver tools
Zoom in. Click the button and then click the map in the area you wish zoom in
Zoom out. Click the button and then click the map in the area you wish to zoom out
Pan. Click the button and then click the map. The spot you clicked becomes the centre of the map
Display data on the archaeological sites. To view click the button and then the map, putting the cursor on the symbol indicating the archaeological site (, ), the museum () or place of worship (). Whenever for the same spot overlap data from several databases, one must press the radio button in order to indicate which data resource is queried (for instance: if you wish to query the archaeological spots in the National Archaeological Directory you must press the radio button corresponding to the National Archaeological Directory. The "checkbox" buttons serve to put in/out the display of the archaeological spots in the spatial databases
Click the button to display all Romania (Zoom to full extent)
It enables searching for the archaeological sites in Romania. The sites are identified by the towns and villages of whose territory they are found. Click this button to display a new search window in which you have to enter the name of the desired town or village. All the towns and villages with that name or beginning with the indicated character row will be displayed. Any town and village can be displayed on the map
Click the button to open a new window with the displayed map enabling saving as a PNG image that can be printed or used in another document (with copyright cIMeC)
Layers It is possible to set in or out in order to view the map elements: the national archaeological directory, the chronicle of the archaeological researches, waters, roads, railways. In order to set in/out to view the archaeological sites in the National Archaeological Directory or the Chronicle of the archaeological researches, select the desired database. In order to set in/out the other elements of the map, mark/unmark the box opposite the map element
Legend Display the legend to explain the map symbols used to represent the map elements (archaeological sites, waters, localities, roads, altitude intervals, land use (agriculture, forest, pasture, etc.). The legend changes according to the active elements and the map scale
România - Reference map The general map of Romania enables the general orientation in space and the quick shift to the relevant area to detail, search, etc. Click the reference image of Romania in the relevant area. The map in the right window will shift accordingly, so that the spot you clicked will become the centre of the map
The coordinates of the spot you clicked are displayed in the Internet browser bar (left bottom). If you use the Firefox browser you have to perform the following changes to view the coordinates of the spot you clicked: go to the menu Tools, Options, Web features, Advanced and mark "Change status bar text"
ip-location map zoom